Bible Query - List
of References

Astrology  Bahais  Catholicism  Dead Sea Scrolls  Hindus  Jehovah's Witnesses  Masons  Mormons 
Muslims  New Age  Oneness Pentecostals  Rev.Moon  Reference  Other Ref.  Science 

I have tried to include every reference I needed for this work, regardless of whether or not I agreed with the author.
I would greatly appreciate emails pointing out any shortcoming if I mistakenly failed to mention a work, or if I referred to an author as a source when an earlier source can be found. For example, I used to say that Tertullian (writing 200-220 A.D.) was the first we knew of to use the word Trinity. Actually, not only did Novatian and Clement of Alexandria use the word at about the same time, we know that Theophilus of Antioch (168-181/188 A.D.) used it before them.
A suggested reference does not mean every single statement in the book is necessarily correct. Rather, it means that I agree with most of what is in the book, and any small errors aside, it is recommended as helpful for others to read.

General Suggested References

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. Ready with an Answer : For the Tough Questions About God. Harvest House, 1997. (404 pages) Answers arranged by topic.

Archer, Gleason. Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties. Zondervan, 1982. (476 pages)
Answers arranged by book and verse. 285 Total answers: 86 Torah, 122 Old Testament, 44 Gospels, 33 other NT. Archer is especially knowledgeable on archaeology and the Hebrew and Greek languages. Though the book is over 26 years old, it is still a very good reference. It has a lengthy introduction and discussion of the JEPD theory.

Archer, Gleason L, Jr., Paul D. Feinberg, Douglass J. Moo, Richard R. Reiter The Rapture Pre-,Mid-, or Post-Tribulational? Zondervan, 1984.

Arndt, William (editor) Bible Difficulties and Seeming Contradictions. Hoerber and Roehrs. Concordia, 1987. Answers arranged by topic.

Atkinson, David J. et al. New Dictionary of Christian Ethics and Pastoral Theology. InterVarsity Press, 1995.

Austin, Bill R. Austin's Topical History of Christianity. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 1987.

Blaiklock, E.M.. The Archaeology of the New Testament. 2nd edition revised and updated. Thomas Nelson. 1984.

Brandt, Jack. Galatians. NavPress., 1990.

Brauch, Manfred T. More Hard Sayings of the New Testament InterVarsity Press. 1989. This book and its three companions have been combined in Hard Sayings of the Bible. I only mention it here because I used information on a question that is not in Hard Sayings of the Bible.

Bomily, Geoffrey W. et al (editors) The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. William B. Eerdman's Publishing Company. 1966.

Brown, Michael L. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus (2 volumes) Baker Books. 2000. (256 and 318 pages respectively.) (WW60632)

Bruce, F.F. The New Testament Documents : Are They Reliable? 5th edition. Inter-Varsity Press, 1943.

Bruce, F.F. Paul : Apostle of the Heart Set Free. William B. Eerdmans, 1977.

Bruce, F.F. (editor) New International Bible Commentary. Zondervan Publishing House, 1979.

Bruce, F.F. The New International Commentary : Acts (Revised). Eerdmans, 1988.

Calvin, John. Commentary on a Harmony of the Evangelists. Translated by William Pringle. Baker Books (reprinted, 1999)

Caton, John Mark. A Christian Response to Physician-Assisted Suicide. Unpublished.

Christian News. (magazine) Herman Otten editor. Lutheran News Inc. 3277 Boeuf Lutheran Rd., New Haven, Missouri 63068-2213 (This is a conservative Lutheran newspaper.)

Christensen, Michael J. C.S. Lewis on Scripture. Abingdon Press, 1979.

Clouse, Robert G. The Meaning of the Millennium: Four Views. InterVarsity Press. 1977.

Comfort, Philip W. (editor). The Origin of the Bible. Tyndale House, 1992. (CBD WW47356)

Davids, Peter. New International Greek Testament Commentary on James. Eerdmans, 1982.

Davis, Bob & Lori Rentzel. Coming Out of Homosexuality : New Freedom for Men & Women. InterVarsity Press, 1993.

Daniel, Curt. The History and Theology of Calvinism. (Ph.D. Dissertation) Scholarly Reprints. Dallas, 1993. (Though I disagree with some of his conclusions, this is an excellent review of the different variations within Calvinism.)

Dean, James D. and Charles W. Morris. Breaking Out of Plastic Prison. Fleming H. Revell, 1997.

Distant Thunder, A. a Christian film.

Douglas, J.D. et al. The New Bible Dictionary. Eerdmans Publishing Co. InterVarsity Fellowship, 1962.

Douglas, J.D. and Merrill C. Tenney. The New International Dictionary of the Bible. Zondervan Publishing House, 1987. (1091 pages)

Douglass, J.D. (general editor) New 20th Century Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge 2nd edition. Baker Book House. 1991. (896 pages)

Downing, David C. (compiler) What You Know Might Not Be So : 220 Misinterpretations of Bible Texts Explained. Baker Book House, 1987.

Erickson, Millard J. (editor) Christian Theology. Unabridged one-volume. Baker Book House, 1995. (1,247 pages) (The second edition has additional material on post-modernism CBD # WW21820)

Erickson, Millard J. How Shall They Be Saved? : The Destiny of Those Who Do Not Hear of Jesus. Baker Books, 1996. (269 pages)

Finnegan, Joseph. The Archaeology of the New Testament Revised edition. Princeton University Press. 1992 (389 pages)

Fischer, John. The Olive Tree Connection : Sharing Messiah with Israel. revised edition. InterVarsity Press, 1983.

Gaebelein, Frank E. (editor) The Expositor's Bible Commentary Zondervan, 1992. (12 volumes, 6,806 pages OT, 3,207 pages NT) (Imagine The NIV Study Bible notes expanded by a factor of 100.)

Geisler, Norman L. (editor) Inerrancy. Zondervan, 1980.

Geisler, Norman L. (editor) Biblical Errancy : An Analysis of its Philosophical Roots. Zondervan, 1981.

Geisler, Norman L. The Roots of Evil. 2nd edition. Probe Books, Word Publishing. 1989.

Geisler, Norman L. and William E. Nix. A General Introduction to the Bible. Moody Press, 1968, 1986. (The revised and expanded version has CBD number WW2916X)

Geisler, Norman L. and Winfried Corduan. Philosophy of Religion 2nd edition. Baker Book House, 1988.

Geisler, Norman L. and Thomas Howe. When Critics Ask. Victor Books, 1992. Answers arranged by book and verse. (CBD WW61698)

Geisler, Norman L. and Ron Rhodes When Cultists Ask. Baker Books, 1997. 365 pages.
330 questions arranged by book and verse: Torah 33, Other OT 57, Gospels 111, Other NT 129. (CBD WW11493)

Geisler, Norman L. Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics. Baker Books, 1999. (CBD WW1021510)

Geisler, Norman. Chosen But Free : A Balanced View of Divine Election. Bethany House Publishers, 1999. (CBD WW25219)

You can order many more of Norm Geisler's materials from

Getz, Gene. Building Up One Another. Victor Books, 1997. (192 pages)

Graham, Billy. How to be Born Again.

Griffin, Em. The Mind Changers : The Art of Christian Persuasion. Tyndale House, 1976.

Haley, John W. Haley's Alleged Discrepancies of the Bible. Whitaker House, 1992, revision of 1874 work. Answers arranged by topic.

Hendricks, Howard G, and William D. Hendricks. Living by the Book. Moody Press, 1991. A good introductory book on Bible Study.

Hendricks, Jeanne. A Woman for All Seasons Thomas Nelson Inc., 1977.

Hiebert, Paul G., R. Daniel Shaw, and Tite Tienou. Understanding Folk Religion. Baker Books 1999. (392 pages)

House, H. Wayne. Charts of Christian Theology and Doctrine. Zondervan. 1992. (145 pages)

Hunt, David. A Woman Rides the Beast. Harvest House Publishers, 1994. The woman here is the Catholic Church.

James. NavPress, 1990.

Johnson, Luke Timothy. The Real Jesus : The Misguided Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Truth of the Traditional Gospels. Harper San Francisco 1971. This book is recommended both by Richard B. Hayes of Duke Divinity School and N. T. Wright.

Johnson, Luke T. Decision Making in the Church: A Biblical Model. Fortress Press. 1983. (109 pages)

Joshua. NavPress, 1988. (173 pages).

Kaiser, Walter C. A History of Israel.

Kaiser, Walter C., Jr., Peter H. Davids, F.F. Bruce, and Manfred T. Brauch. Hard Sayings of the Bible. InterVarsity Press, 1996. (784 pages) 439 Answers arranged by book and verse. (12 general, 70 Torah, 77 prophets, 50 Writings, 97 Gospels, 61 Paul and 72 other NT.

Keller, W. Phillip. Joshua : Mighty Warrior and Man of Faith. Kregel Publications, 1992.

Kerns, Phil with Doug Wead. People's Temple People's Tomb. Logos International, 1979. A fascinating book about the Jim Jones cult by someone whose family was in it.

Kitchen, Kenneth A. Ancient Orient and Old Testament. InterVarsity Press, 1966.

Knectle, Cliffe. Give Me an Answer : That Satisfies My heart & My Mind. InterVarsity Press, 1986. Extensive answers arranged by topic.

Lewis, C.C. Mere Christianity. Macmillan Publishing Co., 1962.

Life & Time Historical Reference Bible. Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1997.

Little, Paul E. Know Why you Believe. Chariot Victor, 1987.

Lucado, Max. The Final Week of Jesus. Multnomah Books, 1994.

MacDonald, William, and edited by Art Farstad. Believer's Bible Commentary. Thomas Nelson, 1995.

Martin, Walter. The Kingdom of the Cults. Bethany House Publishers, 1965, 1977, 1985

McDowell, Josh Evidence that Demands a Verdict Volume II revised edition. Here's Life Publishers, 1981.

McGee, Robert S. The Search for Significance. Word Publishing, 1998.

Merrill, Eugene H. An Exegetical Commentary : Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. Moody Press, 1994.

Montgomery, John Warwick. Evidence for Faith. Probe Books, 1991.

Montgomery, John Warwick. The Suicide of Christian Theology. Bethany Fellowship, Inc., 1970.

Moo, Douglas The Wycliffe Exegetical Commentary : Romans 1-8. Moody Press, 1991. (The most scholarly exposition of Romans 1-8 that I have seen.)

Moody, D.L. The Way to God. Whitaker House, 1983.

Moore, David George. The Battle for Hell. University Press of America, 1995.

Moore, Peter C. Disarming the Secular Gods : How to Talk So Skeptics Will Listen. InterVarsity Press, 1989.

Moreland, J.P. Love God with All Your Mind : The Role of Reason in the Life of the Soul. NavPress.1997. (244 pages)

Morley, Patrick. The Man in the Mirror. Zondervan Publishing House, 1997.

Morrison, Steve and Larry Wessels. "Christian" Liberalism. 1 hour video. (Available from Christian Debater P.O. Box 144441 Austin, Texas 78714.

Muncaster, Ralph O. Are There Hidden Codes in the Bible? Harvest House Publishers. 2000. (48 pages)

Muncaster, Ralph O. Can Archaeology Prove the Old Testament? Harvest House Publishers. 2000. (48 pages)

Muncaster, Ralph O. Can You Trust the Bible? Harvest House Publishers. 2000. (48 pages)

Muncaster, Ralph O. Is the Bible Really a Message from God? Harvest House Publishers. 2000. (48 pages)

Muncaster, Ralph O. Why Does God Allow Suffering? Harvest House Publishers. 2001. (48 pages)

Munger, Robert Boyd. My Heart - Christ's Home. Second revised edition. InterVarsity Press, 1992.

O'Brien, David E. Today's Handbook for Solving Bible Difficulties. Bethany House Publishers, 1990. Answers arranged by topic.

Ogilvie, Lloyd J. The Communicator's Commentary 1, 2 Kings. Word Books, 1987.

Orr, Robert, M.D., David Biehl, D. Min., David Schiedermayer, M.D. Life and Death Decisions. Baker Books, 1990. (CBD WW11493)

Packer, J.I. Evangelism & the Sovereignty of God. InterVarsity Press, 1961.

Packer, J.I, Merrill C. Tenney and William White, Jr. The Bible Almanac. Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1980.

Payne, William Sinners, Jesus will Receive. (forward by James M. Boice) (no publisher or date listed)

Pettingill, William L. and R.A. Torrey. 1001 Bible Questions Answered Inspirational Press, 1997.

Pfeiffer, Charles F., Howard F. Vos, and John Rea (editors) Wycliffe Bible Dictionary. Hendrickson Publishers, 1998. (1851 pages)

Pfeiffer, Charles F. (editor) Wycliffe Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Hendrickson Publishers. 2000. (612 pages)

Richardson, Don. Eternity in Their Hearts -revised. Regal Books, 1981.

Rhodes, Ron. The Complete Book of Bible Answers. Harvest House, 1997. (395 pages). Arranged by topic, by a very good primary verse index.

Richards, Larry. 735 Baffling Bible Questions Answered. Fleming H. Revell, 1993.

Rosenthal, Marvin The Pre-Wrath Rapture of the Church. Thomas Nelson, 1990. (307 pages)

Sawyer, M. James. Taxonomic Charts of Theology & Biblical Studies. Zondervan Publishing House. 1999. (145 pages)

Schaeffer, Francis A. The God Who is There. Inter-Varsity Press. 1968. (187 pages)

Sire, James W. The Universe Next Door. InterVarsity Press, 1988.

Smith, Michael M. Nurturing a Passion for Prayer. NavPress 1999. (95 pages.)

Spencer, James R. Hard Case Witnessing. Chosen Books, 1982. The author, a Christian who is an ex-Mormon, says that most "hard cases" are involved in occultism (including Hinduism, Buddhism, witchcraft, etc.) secularism (atheism, Christian liberalism, etc.) cultism (Jehovah's Witnesses, Unification Church, the Way, etc.) or combinations of the above (Mormonism, etc.).

Sproul, R.C. Faith Alone. Baker Books, 1995. (203 pages) A highly recommended, easy-to-understand book on the Catholic error of equating works and faith, when we are saved by grace through faith, and not works.

Sproul, R.C. Now That's a Good Question. Tyndale House, 1966. Answers arranged by topics.

Spurgeon, C.H. Free Will - A Slave. Pilgrim Publications.

Swann, Marsha A. Ellis et al. (editors) Holman Book of Biblical Charts, Maps, and Reconstructions. Broadman and Holman Publishers. 1993. (163 pages)

Swindoll, Charles R. Divorce. Multnomah Press, 1981. 23 pages.

Swindoll, Charles R. Growing Deep in the Christian Life. Multnomah Press, 1986.

Swindoll, Charles R. Salvation : Exploring God's Answer for Your Greatest Need. Broadman Press, 1986.

Swindoll, Charles R. Strengthening Your Grip : Essentials in an Aimless World. Word Books, 1982.

Swindoll, Charles R. Three Steps Forward, Two Steps Back : Persevering Through Pressure. Revised edition. Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1990.

Throckmorton, Burton H, Jr. (editor) Gospel Parallels : A Synopsis of the First Three Gospels. Thomas Nelson Inc., 1967.

Torrey, R.A. Difficulties in the Bible. Whitaker House, 1996. Answers arranged by topic.

Vos, Howard F. Bible Study Commentary : Mark. Zondervan, 1978.

Walton, John H. Chronological and Background Charts of the Old Testament. Zondervan, 1978.

Walvoord, John F. Daniel : The Key to Prophetic Revelation. Moody Press, 1971.

Walvoord, John F. The Rapture Question. Zondervan, 1979. (286 pages)

Walvoord, John F. and Roy B. Zuck The Bible Knowledge Commentary : Old Testament. Victor Books, 1986. (1,581 pages) Written by the faculty of Dallas Theological Seminary.

Walvoord, John F. and Roy B. Zuck The Bible Knowledge Commentary : New Testament. Victor Books, 1983. (991 pages) Written by the faculty of Dallas Theological Seminary.

Wilkins, Michael J. and J.P. Moreland (editors). Jesus Under Fire : Modern Scholarship Reinvents the Historical Jesus. Zondervan Publishing House, 1995.

Woods, B.W. Christians in Pain. Baker Book House, 1974.

Wright, N.T. Who Was Jesus. Eerdmans. 1993.

Wright, N.T. Jesus and the Victory of God. Fortress. 1994.

Yamauchi, Edwin M. Persia and the Bible. Baker Books, 1990, 1996. A very scholarly yet readable collection of what we know about Persia. (CBD WW21009)

www// /~cbernard/Theology/inerrancy.html.

Suggested Booklets on General Topics

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. Knowing the Truth about the Reliability of the Bible. Harvest House Publishers, 1997.

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. Knowing the Truth about Eternal Security. Harvest House Publishers, 1997.

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. The Facts on Jesus the Messiah : Incredible Prophecies That Prove Jesus is the Savior. Harvest House Publications, 1993.

Burkett, Larry. Sound Business Decisions. Moody Press 1993 (74 pages). This book is packed full of good advice on hiring and firing.

Ross, Bob L. Acts 2:38 and Baptismal Remission. Pilgrim Publications, 1976. (71 pages)

Sciaca, Fran. To Walk and Not Grow Weary. NavPress, 1985.

Water, Mark. Hard Questions about Christianity Made Easy : An easy-to-understand pocket reference guide. Hendrickson Publishers. 2000. (64 pages)

White, James. New Age Bible Versions Refuted. (no date) Alpha and Omega Ministries P.O. Box 3106 Phoenix, AZ 85069 (602) 266-2537. This has nothing to do with the New Age Movement, but rather with Gail Riplinger's accusation that all Bibles besides the KJV are "New Age" Bibles.

Suggested Reference on Astrology

Kole, Andre and Tery Holley. Astrology and Psychic Phenomena. Zondervan, 1988.

Suggested Reference on Atheism

Zacharias, Ravi. A Shattered Visage : The Real Face of Atheism. Wolgemuth & Hyatt, Publishers, Inc. 1990. (203 pages)

Suggested References on Baha'is

Beckwith, Francis. Baha'i. Bethany House Publishers, 1985.

Beckwith, Francis. Examining the Baha'i World Faith. (2 hour video $15 from Christian Debater. P.O. Box 144441 Austin, Texas 78714.

Miller, William McElwee. The Baha'i Faith : Its History and Teachings. William Carey Library. 1974

References Written by Baha'is

Baha'u'llah : A Brief Introduction to His Life and Work. National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the United States. 1991.

The Promise of World Peace to the Peoples of the World. The Universal House of Justice. (no date) (12 pages)

Vision of Race Unity: America's Most Challenging Issue, The. Baha'i Publishing Trust, 1991. (13 pages)

Baha'u'llah : A Brief Introduction to His Life and Work. Baha'i International Community. 1991.

Barney, Laura Clifford (translator) 'Abdu'l-Baha Some Answered Questions. Baha'i Publishing Trust. 1981

Beckwith, Francis. Baha'i : Bethany House Publishers. 1985.

Browne, E.G. (translator) New History of the Bab

Browne, E.G. Babis of Persia II

Browne, Edward G. (translator) A Traveller's Narrative Written to Illustrate the Episode of the Bab, The University Press, 1918 p.175-243.

Douglas, J.D. New 20th-Century Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge 2nd edition. Baker Book House 1991.

Esslemont, J.E. Baha'u'llah and the New Era. Revised Edition. The Baha'i Publishing Committee 1940.

Taherzadeh, Habib (translator) Selections from the Writings of the Bab. Baha'i World Centre Haifa. 1976     ... is 1-12.html

Books on Catholicism

Barraclough, Geoffrey. The Medieval Papacy. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1968.

Binns, L. Elliot. The Decline and Fall of the Medieval Papacy. Barnes & Noble Books, 1995.

Catechism of the Catholic Church. (English translation) Liguori Publications. (1994) (803 pages) This gives the official position of the Catholic Church. Conservative Protestants might be surprised to find that the Catholic position given on homosexuality is the same as ours, and different from the position taught in a number of American Catholic churches.

Chamberlin, E.R. The Bad Popes. Barnes & Noble Books, 1969.

Colson, Charles and Richard John Neuhaus. Evangelicals & Catholics Together : Toward a Common Mission. Word Publishing, 1995.

Knolls, Richard. Roman Catholicism : Issues & Evidences. The John Ankerberg Show. (no date) (206 pages)

Miller, Elliot and Kenneth R. Samples. The Cult of the Virgin : Catholic Mariology and the Apparitions of Mary. Baker Book House. 1992. (178 pages) (highly recommended for Mary of Medjagorgje and other "Mary's")
Most, Fr. William G. Catholic Apologetics Today : Answers to Modern Critics. Tan Books and Publishers, Inc. 1986. (written by a Catholic)

Occhiogrosso, Peter. Once a Catholic : Prominent Catholics and Ex-Catholics Reveal the Influences of the Church on their Lives and Work. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1987.

Walsh, Michael J. (consulting editor) Lives of the Popes. Salamander Books Ltd. 1998.

Zins, Rob. M. "Salvation" by Grace or by Merit? Searching Together, 1988. (25 pages)

References on the Dead Sea Scrolls

Allegro, John. The Mystery of the Dead Sea Scrolls Revealed. Gramercy Publishing Company, 1956. (An older book written before much of the Dead Sea scroll material was released to the public. Has some points on Biblical interpretation though.)

Charlesworth, James H. (editor) Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Doubleday 1992. (338 pages)

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. S.J. Responses to 101 Questions on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Paulist Press. 1992 (173 pages)

Geever, Catherine, Margaret Heinle, and Preston Heinle. Messianic Prophecies from a Dead Sea Scroll. 1995, Password Publications. (89 pages) Highly recommended for its detailed comparison of the Great Isaiah Scroll and the Massoretic text of Isaiah 9:1-9:6; 11:1-12:6, and 52:13-53:12.

Martinez, Florentino Garcia. The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated : The Qumran Texts in English 2nd edition. Published by E.J. Brill and Eerdmans, 1996. (highly recommended)

Scanlin, Harold. The Dead Sea Scrolls & Modern Translations of the Old Testament. Tyndale House. 1993 (195 pages)

Shanks, Hershel. The Mystery and Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Random House, 1998.

Shanks, Hershel (editor). Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls. : A Reader from the Biblical Archaeology Review. Random House, 1992.

Thiede, Carsten Peter. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Jewish Origins of Christianity. Palgrave. 2000. (248 pages)

VanderKam, James C. The Dead Sea Scrolls Today. Eerdman's, 1994. (201 pages) (highly recommended)

VanderKam, James and Peter Flint. Forward by Emanuel Tov. The Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls. HarperSanFrancisco 2002. (456 pages) (highly recommended)

Vermes, Geza. The Dead Sea Scrolls in English 4th edition. Penguin Books, 1995. (Note, Biblical Archaeological Review, January/February 1991 p.66, says Vermes is "one of the worlds' leading Dead Sea Scroll scholars".) (highly recommended)

Vermes, Geza. The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls In English. Penguin Books 1997. 633 pages.

Suggested References on Gay/Lesbianism

Dallas, Joe. A Strong Delusion : Confronting the "Gay Christian" Movement. Harvest House Publishers. 1996. (245 pages)

Dallas, Joe. Desires in Conflict : Hope for Men Who Struggle with Sexual Identity. Harvest House Publishers. 1991, revised 2003. (246 pages)

Suggested References on Hinduism

Hinduism : Paths to the Cosmic Fire. 2 hour video. (Available from Christian Debater $12 P.O. Box 144441 Austin Texas, 78714.)

Yamamoto, J. Isamu. Hinduism, TM & Hare Krishna. Zondervan, 1998. 89 pages.

References by and About Hindus

Bhagavad Gita, The. Translated and Interpreted by Franklin Edgerton. Harvard University Press, 1944.

Bhagavad-Gita As It Is. Published by The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (Hare Krishnas) 1986.

Katha Upanishad. Translated by Swami Ambikanananda Saraswati. Viking Studio 2001.

Mahabharata : volume 1 The Beginning, The. Translated by J.A.B. van Buitenen. The University of Chicago Press, 1973.

Prabhavananda, Swami. The Sermon on the Mount according to Vedanta. Mentor Book, 1963.

Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli and Charles A. Moore (editors). A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy. Princeton University Press, 1957

Rig Veda, Ninth Mandala. Translation by Jai Guru Dev. (no publisher or date)

Sharma, Chandradhar. A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 1976.

Upanishads, The. Translated by Swami Prabhavananda and Frederick Manchester. Mentor Books, 1948.

Suggested References on Higher Criticism and the Jesus Seminar

Blomberg, Craig. The Historical Reliability of the Gospels. Inter-Varsity Press. 1987.

Blomberg, Craig L. Jesus and the Gospels. Broadman and Holman. 1997 (415 pages)

Hemer, Colin J. The Book of Acts in the Setting of Hellenistic History. Eisenbrauns 1990 p.2001 (447 pages)

John, Luke Timothy. The Real Jesus : The Misguided Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Truth of the Traditional Gospels. Harper San Francisco. 1996.

Thomas, Robert L. and F. David Farnell. The Jesus Crisis : The Inroads of Historical Criticism into Evangelical Scholarship. Kregel Publications. 1998. (386 pages)

Witherington III, Ben. The Jesus Quest : The Third Search for the Jew of Nazareth. InterVarsity Press. 1995.

Wright, N.T. Who Was Jesus? William B. Eerdmans Publishing company. 1992.

Wright, N.T. Jesus and the Victory of God. Fortress Press. 1996.

Wright, N.T. What Saint Paul Really Said. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. 1997.

Wright, N.T. The Challenge of Jesus : Rediscovering Who Jesus Was and Is. InterVarsity Press. 1999.

Liberal References on Higher Criticism and the Jesus Seminar

Bawer, Bruce. Stealing Jesus. Crown Publishers, Inc. 1997. (328 pages). Written by an Episcopalian who is against the legalism of fundamentalist Christians, especially since he is gay.

Crossan, John Dominic and Richard G. Watts. Who is Jesus : Answers to Your Questions About the Historical Jesus. John Knox Press. 1996. (145 pages) An intro by Crossan in question and answer format.

Dummelow, J.R. A Commentary on the Holy Bible. The Macmillan Company, 1909.

Freedman, David Noel (editor-in-chief) The Anchor Bible Dictionary (6 volumes) Doubleday. 1992. (7035 pages)

Funk, Robert W., Bernard Brandon Scott, James R. Butts. The Parables of Jesus : Red Letter Edition: The Jesus Seminar. Polebridge Press. 1988. (107 pages)

Mack, Burton L. Who Wrote the New Testament? : The Making of the Christian Myth. Harper San Francisco 1996. (316 pages)

Martin, Raymond. The Elusive Messiah : A Philosophical Overview of the Quest for the Historical Jesus. Westview Press. 1999.

Spong, John Shelby. Born of a Woman : A Bishop Rethinks the Birth of Jesus. Harper San Francisco. 1992 (224 pages) (Spong has been a bishop in the Episcopal Church, who rejects what the Bible says about gays..)

White, L.M. The Rise of Christianity. Jenn's Copy & Binding. This was a course packet for cc304c/ RS311 at the University of Texas at Austin 1997.

Mixed References on Higher Criticism

Green, Joel B., Scot McKnight, and I. Howard Marshall (editors). Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels. InterVarsity Press, 1992. (896 pages)

Hawthorne, Gerald F., Ralph P. Martin, and Daniel G. Reid (editors). Dictionary of Paul and His Letters : A Compendium of Biblical Scholarship. InterVarsity Press. 1993. (993 pages)

Suggested References on Homosexuality

Dallas, Joe. A Strong Delusion : Confronting the "Gay Christian" Movement. Harvest House Publishers. 1996. (245 pages)

Dallas, Joe. Desires in Conflict : Hope for Men Who Struggle with Sexual Identity. Harvest House Publishers. 1991, revised 2003. (246 pages)

Suggested References on Jehovah's Witnesses

Bowman, Jr. Robert M. Understanding Jehovah's Witnesses : Why They Read the Bible the Way They Do. Baker Book House, 1991. 144 pages.

Brown, Ian. Sixty Questions Every Jehovah's Witness Should be Asked. Ambassador-Emerald International, 1999. (94 pages) Though it is short, it is packed with good information. (CBD WW30639)

Cetnar, William J. and Joan Cetnar. Questions for Jehovah's Witnesses who love the truth 2 Thess. 2:10. Copyright 1983 Bill & Joan Cetnar. R.D. #3 Kunkletown, AP 18058

Magnani`, Duane. The Watchtower Files : Dialogue with a Jehovah's Witness. Bethany House Publishers, 1983,1985. 293 pages.

Reed, David A. Answering Jehovah's Witnesses Subject by Subject. Baker Books, 1996.

Reed, David A. and John R. Farkas. Jehovah's Witnesses Answered Verse by Verse. Baker Book House, 1992. 139 pages. Answers arrange by book and verse. (CBD WW77397) <a href="">
Jehovah's Witnesses Answered Verse-by-Verse

Reed, David A. (editor) Index of Watchtower Errors. Baker Book House, 1990.

Rhodes, Ron. Reasoning From Scriptures with Jehovah's Witnesses. Harvest House. 1993. (CBD WW1069)

References by Jehovah's Witnesses

Aids to Bible Understanding. Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, 1971.

Bible, God's Word or Man's?, The. The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1989.

Commentary on the Letter of James. Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1979.

Did Man Get Here by Evolution or by Creation? The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1967.

Mankind's Search for God. The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1990.

New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, The. Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, 1961.

New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, The. Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, 1961,1981,1984.

Reasoning from Scriptures. The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1981. (This is a useful book to understand their thinking.)

Worldwide Security Under the "Prince of Peace" The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1986.

You can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth. The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1989.

As a side note, a Jehovah's Witness told me there is a book written against Jehovah's Witnesses by a former member who is gay. While I do not recall the name of the author, this work never used that book. As far as the issue of homosexuality is concerned, Jehovah's Witnesses and evangelical Christians are completely agreed on this point.

Suggested References on Masons

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. The Facts on The Masonic Lodge. Harvest House Publishers, 1989.

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. The Secret Teachings of the Masonic Lodge : A Christian Perspective. Moody Press, 1990.

Campbell, Ron G. Free from Freemasonry. Regal 1999. (199 pages)

Mather, George A. and Larry A. Nichols. Masonic Lodge. Zondervan Publishing House. 1995.

Suggested References on Mormonism

Beckwith, Francis J. Carl Mosser, and Paul Owen. The New Mormon Challenge. Zondervan. 2002. (509 pages)

Geer, Thelma 'Granny'. Mormonism Mama & Me. Moody Press, 1986. (270 pages)

Hoekma, Anthony A. Mormonism. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1963 (94 pages).

Krakauer, Jon. Under the Banner of Heaven : A Story of Violent Faith. Random House. 2003 (358 pages)

Loveland, Jane. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1986. This is a highly recommended pictorial that tells all about Mormonism and its errors. Unfortunately I do not have a current address to obtain it.

Marquardt, Michael H. The Book of Abraham Papyrus Found. Modern Microfilm, 1975. (Modern Microfilm subsequently became Utah Lighthouse Ministry.)

McKeever, Bill and Eric Johnson. Mormonism 101 : Examining the Religion of the Latter-day Saints. Baker Books. 2000 (318 pages)

Reed, David A. and John R. Farkas. Mormons Answered Verse by Verse. Baker Book House, 1992. (CBD WW1077613)

Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. The Changing World of Mormonism. Moody Press, 1981.

Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. Major Problems of Mormonism. Utah Lighthouse Ministry 1989.

Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. Mormonism - Shadow or Reality? 4th edition Utah Lighthouse Ministry. 1982

Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. 3,913 Changes in the Book of Mormon. (original 1830 edition of the Book of Mormon with all the Changes Marked) Utah Lighthouse Ministry

Van Gorden, Kurt. Mormonism. Zondervan Publishing House, 1995. (94 pages)

White, James R. Is the Mormon my Brother? Discerning the Differences Between Mormonism and Christianity. Bethany House Publishers, 1997. (254 pages)

White, James B. Letters to a Mormon Elder. Bethany House Publishers, 1993 (298 pages)

References Written by Mormons

3,913 Changes in the Book of Mormon : A Photo Reprint of the Original 1830 Edition of the Book of Mormon With all the Changes Marked. Utah Lighthouse Ministry. P.O. Box 1884 Salt Lake City, Utah 84110.

Book of Mormon, The. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1981.

Doctrines and Covenants : Pearl of Great Price Deseret Book Company, 1949.

Ensign Magazine, The. September 1977.

Journal of Discourses. F.D. Richards. 1855. (26 volumes of sermons by Joseph Smith, Brigham Young, and later Mormon prophets and apostles.)

McConkie, Bruce R. Mormon Doctrine. Bookcraft, 1979.

McConkie, Bruce R. (Mormon apostle) Our Relationship with the Lord. Utah Lighthouse Ministry. Box 1884 Salt Lake City, Utah 84110. The Tanners subtitle this "An Attack On the Concept Of a Personal Relationship with Christ)

Nibley, Hugh. Abraham in Egypt. Deseret Book Company, 1981.

Nibley, Hugh. The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri : An Egyptian Endowment. Deseret Book Company, 1975.

Suggested References on Muslims

Abd al-Masih. A Question That Demands an Answer. The Good Way P.O. Box 66 8486 Rikon, Switzerland. (no date) (61 pages)

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. The Facts on Islam. Harvest House Publishers, 1991. (48 pages)

Coplestone, F.S. Jesus Christ or Mohammed? : A guide to Islam and Christianity that helps explain the differences. 2000. (158 pages)

Geisler, Norman L. and Abdul Saleeb Answering Islam. Baker Books, 1993. (The second edition is CBD WW64303)

Gilchrist, John. Christ in Islam and Christianity. Jesus to the Muslims, 1985. (40 pages)

Gilchrist, John. Is Muhammed Foretold in the Bible? : A Response to What the Bible Says About Muhummed. Jesus to the Muslims, 1979. (39 pages)

Gilchrist, John. Origins and Sources of the Gospel of Barnabas. Jesus to the Muslims,. 1979. (32 pages)

Gilchrist, John. What Indeed Was the Sign of Jonah? Jesus to the Muslims, 1985. (36 pages)

Gilchrist, John. Is Muhammad Foretold in the Bible? Jesus to the Muslims, 1985. (37 pages)

Hahn, Ernest. How to Respond to Muslims. Concordia Publishing House, 1995.

Massey, Kundan L. Tide of the Supernatural : a call to love for the Muslim World. Here's Life Publishers, 1980.

McDowell, Josh and John Gilchrist vs. Ahmed Deedat. The Islam Debate. Here's Life Publishers. 1983. (185 pages)

Noorul Haq magazine (in English and Arabic) P.O. Box 550 Republic, Missouri. 85738-0550

References by Muslims and About Islam

Sabiq, As-Sayyid. Fiqh us-Sunnah American Trust Publications, 1985. (5 volumes) (One of the collections of Sunni Hadiths)

Ahmad, The Promised Messiah and Mahdi. Islam international Publications Ltd., 1990 (This is by Ahmidayya Muslims, which are not considered orthodox by either Sunnis or Shiites.) (27 pages)

Al-Bukhari Sahih Al-Bukhari. (translated by Muhammad Muhsin Khan published by al Maktabat Al Salafiat Al Madinato Al Monawart. (no date) (9 volumes) (The most authoritative collection of Sunni Hadiths)

Arbury, A.J. The Koran Interpreted. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1955. (Yusuf Ali's translation is apparently more accurate than this one.)

Awde, Nicholas (Translated and edited) Women in Islam : An Anthology from the Qur'an and Hadiths. St. Martin's Press. 2000 (206 pages)

Barks, Coleman, with John Moyne (translation) The Essential Rumi. Castle Books. 1997. (296 pages)

Dashti, Ali. Twenty Three Years : A Study of the Prophetic Career of Mohammed. George Allen & Unwin, 1985. (Ali Dashti apparently was executed after Khomeini came to power in Iran)

Holy, QUR-AN, The. (Arabic and English) Revised and edited by the Presidency of Islamic Researches, IFTA, Call and Guidance. King Fahd Holy Qur-an Printing Complex. (The English translation was by Abdullah Yusuf Ali) 1410 A.H.

Lippman, Thomas W. Understanding Islam : An Introduction to the Moslem World. Mentor Books, 1982.

Muslim, Imam. (rendered into English by 'Abdul Hamid Siddiqi) Sahih Muslim. International Islamic publishing House. (no date) (4 volumes)

Rahman, Falzur. Islam. 2nd edition. University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Yahya Bin Sharaf An-Nawawi, Imam Abu Zakariya (compiler), S.M. Madni Abbasi (translator) Riyadh-Us-Saleheen. International Islamic Publishing House. (no date) (2 volumes) A recommended site for information on Bible manuscripts.

Suggested References on New Age and Buddhism

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. Encyclopedia of New Age Beliefs. Harvest House Publishers, 1996.

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. The Facts on holistic Health and the New Medicine. Harvest House Publishers, 1992.

Todd Ehrenborg. Edited by Alan W. Gomes. Mind Sciences: Christian Science, Religious Science, Unity School of Christianity Zondervan. 1995.

Lochhaas, Philip H. How to Respond to... The Eastern Religions. Concordia Publishing House, 1979. (32 pages)

Lochhaas, Philip H. How to Respond to... The New Age Movement. Concordia Publishing House, 1984. (32 pages)

Yamamoto, J. Isamu. Buddhism, Taoism & Other Far Eastern Religions. Zondervan, 1998. (96 pages)

Suggested References on Oneness Pentecostalism

Beisner, E. Calvin. "Jesus Only" Churches. Zondervan Publishing House, 1998. (87 pages)

Boyd, Gregory A. Oneness Pentecostals & the Trinity. Baker Book House. 1992. (234 pages) (CBD WW1010195)

McNeil, Mark A. An Evaluation of the Oneness Pentecostal Movement. Pilgrim Publications (Box 66, Pasadena, Texas 77501. (16 pages)

See also references on the Trinity.

References by Oneness Pentecostals

Bernard, David. K. The Oneness of God. Word Aflame Press, 1983. (158 pages)

Suggested References on Rev. Moon's Unification Church

Bjornstad, James. Sun Myung Moon & the Unification Church. Bethany House Publishers, 1984.

Elkins, Chris. Heavenly Deception. (Elkins is an ex-member who consults on cults with the Southern Baptist Church.)

Moonstruck, An Analysis of Rev. Moon's Unification Church. 4 hour video. (available from Christian Debater $25 P.O. Box 144441 Austin Texas 78714.)

Yamamoto, J, Isamu. The Puppetmaster : An Inquiry into Sun Myung Moon and the Unification Church.. InterVarsity Press. 1977. (136 pages)

Unification Church Debate. 2 hour video. (available from Christian Debater $12 P.O. Box 144441 Austin Texas, 78714)

References by Rev. Moon or Unificationists

Moon, Sung Myung Divine Principle 5th edition. Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity, 1977.

Outline of The Principle Level 4. Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity, 1980.

Bibles and Other Reference Works

In addition to using these works, I would also like to thank Rusty B. for his very helpful knowledge of the Greek. Any mistakes in translating the Greek manuscript variations are mine, however.

Adler, Mortimer J. Herodotus : Thucydides. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 1952.

Adler, Mortimer J. Tacitus. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 1952.

Aldred, Cyril. Akhenaten : King of Egypt. Thames and Hudson, 1988.

Archaeology (magazine). Archaeological Institute of America.

Baines, John and Jaromir Malek. The Cultural Atlas of the World : Ancient Egypt. Stonehenge Press, 1984.

Barbarian Tides : Timeframe 1500-600 B.C. editors of Time-Life Books, 1987.

Berry, George Ricker. Interlinear Greek-English New Testament. Baker Books, 1997. (CBD WW106329)

Biblical Archaeology Review. (magazine) Biblical Archaeology Society

Biblical History. (magazine) Empire Press.

Brenton, Sir Lancelot C.L. The Septuagint Version : Greek and English. Regency Reference Library (Zondervan), 1970.

Brunt, P.A. (translator) Arrian : Anabasis of Alexander Books I-IV Harvard University Press. 1976. (547 pages)

Casson, Lionel Ancient Egypt. Time-Life Books, 1965. (Caution: since this book is old, the dates are suspect.)

Ceram, C.W. The Secret of the Hittites. Dorset Press, 1955. (Caution: since this book is old, the dates are suspect.)

Charlesworth, James H. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha volume 1. Doubleday & Company, 1983.

Cornell, Tim and John Matthews. The Roman World. Stonehenge Press, 1990.

Cruden's Concordance. Barbour and Company Inc., 1987.

Danby, Herbert. The Mishnah. Oxford University Press, 1933. (According to Jesus Under Fire p.135 the earliest Mishnahs were written down no earlier than 200 A.D.)

Davis, Leo Donald. The First Seven Ecumenical Councils (325-787) : Their History and Theology. The Liturgical Press, 1983.

Encyclopedia Britannica. 1957 edition (While the modern editions have more on technology, this edition is great, because it has longer articles for historical topics.)

Encyclopedia Britannica. 1972 edition.

Funk and Wagnall's New Encyclopedia. Funk & Wagnalls, 1983.

Green, Jay P., Sr. (editor) The Interlinear Bible : Hebrew-Greek-English 2nd edition. Baker Book House, 1986.

Haley, John W. Alleged Discrepancies of the Bible. Whitaker House, 1992.

Hicks, R.D. (translator) Diogenes Laertius : The Lives of Eminent Philosophers (2 volumes) Harvard University Press. 1972. (1,226 pages)

Holy Bible Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition. Catholic Truth Society, 1946, 1952, 1957.

JPS Hebrew-English Tanakh. The Jewish Publication Society. 2000

The King James Bible.

KMT : A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt. (magazine) KMT Communications.

Kohlenberger III, John R. The Interlinear NIV Hebrew-English Old Testament. The Zondervan Corporation, 1987.

Kohlenberger II and James A. Swanson. The Hebrew English Concordance to the Old Testament. Zondervan Publishing House, 1998.

Kohlenberger II, Edward W. Goodrick and James A. Swanson. The Greek English Concordance to the New Testament. Zondervan Publishing House, 1997.

Laffin, John. Brassey's Battles - 3,500 Years of Conflict, Campaigns, and Wars.

Layton, Bentley. The Gnostic Scriptures : Ancient Wisdom for the New Age. Doubleday. 1987.

Levi, Peter The Cultural Atlas of the World : The Greek World. Stonehenge Press, 1990.

Miley, Barbara. Biblical Archaeology for Teens. Rainbow Publishers, 1988.

Moulton, Harold K. The Analytical Greek Lexicon Revised. Zondervan, 1978. (I found this Lexicon very helpful)

National Geographic Magazine. The National Geographic Society.

Negev, Avraham (editor) The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land 3rd edition. Prentiss Hall Press, 1986, 1990.

Nelson Study Bible - NKJV Version. Thomas Nelson Publishers. 1997.

New American Standard Bible. Foundation Press, 1960-1973.

New Geneva Study Bible, The. (New King James Version) Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982 for the Bible, 1995 for the Study Bible.

New International Version International Bible, The. Zondervan, 1985.

New Revised Standard Version Bible.

Nicoll, W. Robertson. (editor) The Expositor's Greek Testament. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, reprinted 1990.

Oates, Joan. Babylon revised Edition. Thames and Hudson, 1986.

Pritchard, James B. (editor) The Ancient Near East Volume 1. Princeton University Press, 1958. This primarily contains texts of ancient documents, including the Amarna letters.

Reader's Digest 1983 Almanac and Yearbook. Reader's Digest Association, 1983.

Renault, Mary. The Nature of Alexander. Pantheon Books. 1975. (270 pages)

Richardson, Cyril C. (editor) Early Christian Fathers. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1970. (This does not have the great footnotes of Roberts and Donaldson, but is in very readable modern American English.)

Roberts, Alexander and James Donaldson. Ante-Nicene Fathers. volumes 1-10 Hendrickson Publishers, 1994.

Rodkinson, Michael L. and Isaac M. Wise. New Edition of the Babylonian Talmud. (10 volumes) The Talmud Society, 1918.

Rohl, David M. Pharaohs and Kings : A Biblical Quest. Crown Publishers, Inc., 1995.

Romant, Bernard. Life in Egypt in Ancient Times. Minerva, 1978. (I recommend this book except for the old date makes some of the dates suspect.)

Sasson, Jack M. (editor in Chief) Civilizations of the Ancient New East (4 volumes) Hendrickson Publishers, Inc. 1995. (2789 pages total)

Sayce, A.H. The Archaeology of the Cuneiform Inscriptions. Ares Publishers, Inc. 1907 (214 pages). A very old book, but useful to establish how much liberal scholarship knew in the Twentieth century.

Schaeff, Philip, The Creeds of Christendom. Harper & Row, 1931.

Strong, James. Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible. Royal Publishers, Inc., 1979.

Swanson, Reuben J. The Horizontal Line Synopsis of the Gospels (revised). William Carey Library Publishers, 1984.

Tanakh, The Holy Scriptures. Jewish Rabbinical Society. 1985.

Thayer, Joseph Henry. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. Zondervan, 1979.

Three-in-One Bible Reference Companion, The. Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982.

Thomas, Robert L. and Stanley N. Gundry. The NIV Harmony of the Gospels. HarperSanFrancisco 1988.

TimeFrame 3000-1500 BC : The Age of the God-Kings. Time Life Books Inc., 1987.

TimeFrame 1500-600 BC : Barbarian Tides. Time Life Books Inc., 1987.

TimeFrame 600-400 BC : A Soaring Spirit. Time Life Books Inc., 1987.

Whiston, William (translator). Josephus : Complete Works. Kregel Publications, 1960. (Josephus wrote Antiquities of the Jews c.93-94 A.D.)

White, Jon Manchip. Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt. Dorset Press, 1963. (I recommend this book, except that the old date makes some of the dates suspect.)

Wuest, Kenneth S. The New Testament : An Expanded Translation. Eerdman's, 1961.

New Testament Manuscripts

Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament 3rd edition. United Bible Societies, 1975. This was the Greek New Testament from which the words were counted.

Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament 4th revised edition. United Bible Societies. According to A Textual Commentary of the New Testament Second edition, the fourth edition of Aland et al. is different from the 3rd edition in that it took out 284 variations, added 273, for a total of 1438 variations.

Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament 5th revised edition. United Bible Societies. According to the Introduction, this includes readings from the recently discovered papyrii 117-127. The main text differs from the 4h edition in 33 passages according to p.2-4.

Aland, Kurt, and Barbara Aland. The Text of the New Testament : An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Eerdmans, 1989.

Barker, Kenneth L. The NIV : The Making of a Contemporary Translation. Zondervan, 1986. A recommended reference on why they made the choices they made on the NIV.

Barrett, C.J. editor. The New Testament Background. HarperSanFrancisco. 1987,1995.

Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. 1999,2001 (697 pages)

Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. The Complete Text of the Earliest New Testament Manuscripts. Baker Books, 1999. (CBD WW52652)

Elliot, Keith and Ian Moir. Manuscripts and the Text of the New Testament : An Introduction for English Readers. T & T Clark. 1995.

Hodges, Zane C. and Arthur L. Farstad. The Greek New Testament According to the Majority Text 2nd edition. Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1985.

Metzger, Bruce Manning. The Text of the New Testament. Oxford University Press. 1968. (274 pages)

Metzger, Bruce M. Greek Manuscripts of the Bible. Oxford University Press, 1981.

Metzger, Bruce. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament 2nd edition. United Bible Societies, 1971.

Wegner, Paul D. The Journey from Texts to Translations. Baker Academic. 1999. (432 pages) A recommended site for information on Bible manuscripts.

Suggested References on the Trinity

Ankerberg, John and John Weldon. Knowing the Truth about the Trinity Harvest House Publishers, 1996. (48 pages)

Augustine, On The Holy Trinity. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers First Series volume 3 p.1-228. Hendrickson Publishers 1994. Edited by Philip Schaff.

Boyd, Gregory A. Oneness Pentecostals & the Trinity. Baker Book House. 1992. (234 pages) (CBD WW1010195)

Erickson, Millard J. Making Sense of the Trinity : Three Crucial Questions. Baker Books, 2000. (99 pages) (CBD WW6287X)

Gregory of Nyssa, Against Eunomius. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series volume 5 p.34-314. Hendrickson Publishers, Inc. 1994. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry Wave.

Gregory of Nyssa, On the Holy Trinity, and of the Godhead of the Holy Spirit to Eustathius. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series volume 5 p.326-330. Hendrickson Publishers, Inc. 1994. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry Wave.

Gregory of Nyssa, On "Not Three Gods" to Ablabius. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series volume 5 p.331-336. Hendrickson Publishers, Inc. 1994. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry Wave.

Hilary of Poitiers. On the Trinity In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Second Series volume 9 p.31-233. Hendrickson Publishers, Inc. 1994. Edited by W. Sanday.

Novatian, A Treatise of Novatian Concerning the Trinity. In Ante-Nicene Fathers volume 5 p.607-644. Hendrickson Publishers 1994. Edited by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson.

Tertullian, Against Praxeas. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers volume 3 p.597-632. Hendrickson Publishers 1994. Edited by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson.

Ross, Bob L. The Trinity and the Eternal Sonship of Christ. Pilgrim Publications (300 pages). This book has a few pages criticizing John MacArthur's denial of the eternal sonship of Christ. However, we are pleased to report that this is now obsolete - John MacArthur has corrected his view. (A person can deny the eternal sonship of Christ and still believe the Trinity and be a good Christian though.)

White, James R. The Forgotten Trinity. Bethany House Publishers 1998. (220 pages)

See also suggested references on Oneness Pentecostalism.

List of Other References

These references are useful for understanding people's viewpoints and gaining further background, though in general their viewpoints and conclusions are not necessarily recommended.

Allison, Wick That's In the Bible? - The Ultimate Learn-As-You-Play Bible Quiz Book. Dell Trade, 1994.

Armstrong, Karen. A History of God. Alfred A. Knopf, 1993. This book discusses Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. (I only read small parts of this book.)

Asimov, Isaac Asimov's Guide to the Bible. Random House, 1969. (1230 pages)

Barclay, William. The Gospel of Mark, 2nd edition. Westminster Press, 1956.

Barclay, William. The Acts of the Apostles, 2nd edition. Westminster Press, 1955.

Barclay, William. The Letter to the Romans, 2nd edition. Westminster Press, 1957.

Batto, Bernard F. Batto. Slaying the Dragon. Westminster / John Knox Press, 1992.

Boettner, Loraine, The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination. Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1932. (436 pages)

Christianity Today. (magazine) Christianity Today, Inc.

Christensen, Michael J. C.S. Lewis on Scripture. Abingdon Press, 1979.

Conn, Harvie M. (editor) Inerrancy and Hermeneutic : A Tradition, a Challenge, a Debate. Baker Book House, 1988. (261 pages)

Davis, Leo Donald. The Fist Seven Ecumenical Councils (357-787) : Their History and Theology. The Liturgical Press, 1983.

Eddy, Mary Baker. Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. Published by the Trustees under the Will of Mary Baker G. Eddy Boston, U.S.A., 1975.

Fulop-Miller, Rene. Rasputin : The Holy Devil. The Viking Press, 1928.

Gerstner, John H. A Primer on Dispensationalism. 1982.

Gerstner, John H. A Primer on Free Will. Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company 1982.

Hislop, Alexander The Two Babylons 2nd edition. Loizeaux Brothers, 1916, 1959. This book uses many falsehoods and unsubstantiated wild speculations to unfairly cast aspersions on the Catholic Church. Though I am not Catholic, I cannot recommend this book for anything related to Catholicism.

Horton, Michael. Putting Amazing Back into Grace : Who Does What in Salvation? Baker Books, 1994. (316 pages) (second edition is CBD WW64007)

Keller, Werner. The Bible As History. William Morrow and Company, 1956.

Kramer, Samuel Noah The Sumerians. University of Chicago Press, 1963. (I recommend his scholarship, though not some of his speculations.)

Kushner, Harold S. When Bad Things Happen to Good People. Avon Books, 1981.

Luther, Martin. (translated by Henry Cole) The Bondage of the Will. Baker Book House / Revell, 1976. (CBD WW53429)

Luz, Ulrich Matthew 1-7, a Commentary. Augsburg Fortress, 1989.

Martin, Raymond. The Elusive Messiah : A Philosophical Overview of the Quest for the Historical Jesus. Westview Press, 1999.

Miller, Madeleine S. and J. Lane Miller Harper's Bible Dictionary. Harper & Row, Publishers, 1961.

Modern Maturity. September-October 1999. AARP.

Most, Friar William G. Catholic Apologetics Today. Tan Publishing, 1986.

Pink, Arthur W. The Sovereignty of God. Baker Book House, 1930. (261 pages)

Prager, Dennis and Joseph Telushkin. The Nine Questions People Ask About Judaism. Simon and Schuster, Inc. 1986.

Rahner, Karl and Herbert Vorgrimler. Theological Dictionary. Herder and Herder, 1965. (A Catholic work. Some Catholics have criticized this as "idiosyncratic")

Robinson, James M. (general editor) The Nag Hammadi Library. Harper & Row, 1977. (I recommend its scholarship, but Christians generally do not have a need to read scriptures of spiritual counterfeits.)

Seldes, George (compiler) The Great Quotations. Citadel Press, 1993.

Spencer, Duane Edward. Tulip : The Five Points of Calvinism in the Light of Scripture. Baker Book House, 1979. (written by a Calvinist)

Steinsaltz, Adin. The Essential Talmud. Bantam Books, 1976.

Tolle, James M. Instrumental Music in Worship. Haun Publishing Company. 29 pages. Written from a Church of Christ perspective. Says that instrumental music is OK in the home and other places, but not in church worship.


Ambrose, E.J. The Nature and Origin of the Biological World. Halsted Press, 1982.

Barnes Thomas G. Origin and Destiny of the Earth's Magnetic Field Creation Life Publishers, 1973.

Boslough, John Stephen Hawking's Universe. Avon Books, 1980.

Bremer, Kare "The Limits of Amino Acid Sequence Data in Angiosperm Phylogenetic Reconstruction" Evolution vol. 42 no.4 1988 p.795-803.

Burgin, Toni, Olivier Rieppel, P. Martin, Sander and Karl Tschanz "The Fossils of Monte San Giorgio" Scientific American June 1989 p.74-81.

Cairns-Smith, A.G. Genetic Takeover and the Mineral Origins of Life. Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Carroll, Robert L. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. W.H. Freeman and Company, 1988.

Constable, George and Time-Life Books eds. The Neanderthals Time-Life Books, 1973.

Crick, Francis Life Itself. Simon & Schuster, 1981.

Darwin, Charles The Origin of Species. A Mentor Book, 1958.

Davis, Percival, Dean H. Kenyon, and Charles B. Thaxton Of Pandas and People Haughton Publishing Co., 1989.

Day, William Genesis on Planet Earth, 1979.

Denton, Michael Evolution: A Theory in Crisis Adler and Adler, 1986.

Dillow, Joseph C. The Waters Above: Earth's Pre-flood Vapor Canopy. Moody Press, 1981.

Fairbridge R.W. (ed) The Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences and Astrogeology Reinhold Publishing Corp., 1967.

Fasman, Gerald D. (ed) CRC Practical Handbook of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology CRC Press, 1989.

Faure, Gunter. Principles of Isotope Geology 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, 1977, 1986.

Flamstead, Sam "When Galaxies Collide" Discover February 1990 p.50-57.

Fox, Sidney Science and Creationism. 1984 p.194-239.

Fox, Sidney W. and Klaus Dose Molecular Evolution and the Origin of Life. Revised edition. Marcel Dekker Inc., 1977.

Frair, Wayne and Percival Davis. A Case for Creation 3rd edition. Moody Press, 1983.

Frost, Darrel R. (editor) Amphibian Species of the World : A Taxonomic and Geographical Reference. Allen Press Inc., 1985.

"Full Frontals" in Upfront Discover November 1990 p.10. Describes computer software to model galaxies

Gish, Duane T. Evolution: The Challenge of the Fossil Record. Creation Life Publishers, 1985.

Gish, Duane T. Evolution The Fossils Say No! 2nd ed. Creation Life Publishers, 1973.

Gish Duane T. Speculations and Experiments Related to the Theories on the Origin of Life: A Critique Institute for Creation Research, 1972.

Goldsmith, Donald and Tobias Owen The Search for Life in the Universe. Benjamin/Cumings Publishing Co., 1980.

Gould, Stephen Jay The Panda's Thumb: More Reflections in Natural History. W.W. Norton and Company, 1980.

Gould, Stephen Jay Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes. W.W. Norton and Company, 1983.

Gould, Stephen Jay The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History. W.W. Norton and Company, 1985.

Gutfreund, H (editor) Biochemical Evolution. Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Hargraves, R.B. Chapter 2 "Precambrian Tectonic Style: A Liberal Uniformitarian Interpretation" in Kröner, A. (Ed) Precambrian Plate Tectonics Elsevier, 1981.

Jastrow, Robert God and the Astronomers. W.W. Norton and Company, 1978.

Johnson, Phillip E. Defeating Darwinism by Opening Minds. InterVarsity Press, 1997.

Johnson, Phillip E. Objections Sustained : Subversive Essays on Evolution, Law & Culture. InterVarsity Press, 1998.

Kircher, Philip Abusing Science : The Case Against Creationism. MIT Press, 1982.

Kluger, Jeffrey "Tripping Over History" Discover December 1990 p.40-41.

Kröner, Alfred "Evolution, Growth and Stabilization of the Precambrian Lithosphere" in Structure and Evolution of the Continental Lithosphere Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Volume 15 Pollack H.N. and V.R. Murthy (eds.) Pergamon Press, 1984.

Lammerts (edited) Why Not Creation? Baker Book House, 1970.

Lester, Lane P. and Raymond G. Bohlin The Natural Limits to Biological Change 2nd edition. Probe Books, 1984,1989.

Lehninger, Albert L. Biochemistry. Worth Publishers Inc. 1970.

Lubenow, Marvin L. Bones of Contention : A Creationist Assessment of Human Fossils. Baker Book House, 1992.

Margulis Lynn (editor) Origins of Life Proceedings of the First Conference. Gordon and Breech, Science Publishers. 1970.

Morris Henry M. The Biblical Basis for Modern Science. Baker Book House, 1984.

Morris, Henry M. Science, Scripture and the Young Earth. Institute for Creation Research (ICR), 1983.

"Moth Mutants" in Upfront in Discover. November 1990 p.20.
Peppered moths turned to black, now turning back to Peppered

Prehistoric Times. Readings from Scientific American W.H. Freeman and Company, 1983.

Prideaux, Tom and Time-Life Books Eds. Cro-Magnon Man. Time-Life Books, 1973.

Radiocarbon Journal.

Readings from Scientific American : Prehistoric Times. W.H. Freeman and Company 1960-1983.

Ross, Hugh The Fingerprint of God. Promise Publishing Co., 1985.

Ross, Hugh. Creation and Time. NavPress, 1994.

Sagan, Carl Intelligent Life in the Universe. Holden-Day Inc., 1966.

Segraves Kelly L. Jesus Christ Creator. Creation-Science Research Center, 1973.

Shapiro, Robert Origins : A Skeptic's Guide to the Creation of Life on Earth. Bantam Books, 1987.

Slusher, Harold S. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research, 1980.

Slusher, Harold S. and Thomas P. Gamwell Age of the Earth. Institute for Creation Research, 1978.

Slusher, Harold S. The Origin of the Universe revised. Institute for Creation research, 1978,1980.

Slusher, Harold S. Critique of Radiometric Dating Institute for Creation Research, 1973.

Slusher, Harold S. and Stephen J. Robertson The Age of the Solar System. revised edition. Institute for Creation Research, 1982.

Strohler, Arthur N. Science and Earth History. Prometheus.

Taubes, Gary "The Great Annihilator" Discover. June 1990 p.68-72.

Taylor, Paul S. The Illustrated Origins Answer Book. Eden Productions 1990 P.O. Box 41644 Mesa, Arizona 85274-1644.

Thaxton, Charles B., Walter L. Bradley, and Roger L. Olsen The Mystery of Life's Origin: Reassessing Current Theories. Philosophical Library, Inc., 1984.

Van Till, Howard J., Davis A. Young, and Clarence Menninga Science Held Hostage InterVarsity Press, 1988.

Whitcomb, John C. The Early Earth revised. BMH Books, 1986.

Whitcomb, John C., Jr., Henry M. Morris The Genesis Flood : The Biblical Record and Its Scientific Implications. Baker Book House, 1961.

Whitcomb, John C. Jr. The World That Perished Baker Book House, 1973.

White, Robert S. White and Dan P. McKenzie "Volcanism at Rifts" Scientific American July 1989 p.62-71.

Wong, Kate. "Who Were the Neanderthals?" Scientific American April 2000 p.99-109. This article documents the modern human Neanderthal hybridization that occurred. At least in Europe, Neanderthals did not die out per se, but rather interbred with modern humans.

Yockey, Hubert P. The Mathematical Foundations of Molecular Biology Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Astrophysical Journal 315 age of Galaxy

Rebuttals to a Young Earth Theory

Discover June 1990 "The Great Annihilator by Gary Taubes pp.68-72. A "furnace" fueled by anti-matter is putting out the energy of 10,000 suns as gamma rays in the center of our galaxy. It would have a mass between 3 million and 100 million suns. Alternately, it could only be 1000 solar masses.

Discover Feb 1990 "When Galaxies Collide" by Sam Flamsteed pp.50-57. Modelling by Joshua Barnes. Almost every galaxy has had almost 1 close encounter with another galaxy. When dark matter, which makes up most of the mass of galaxies, is taken into account, the simulations work. Computer model uses 32768 points per galaxy. Accurately explains elliptical galaxies.

Richard Durison Indiana Univ. Simulations of Star Formation. If spin two great, then binary stars, but simulation showed spiral arms. Discover Dec. 1989
Sci. Amer "Volcanism at Rifts" Robert S. White and Dan P. KcKenzie July 1989 pp.62-71.
Volcanism in the ocean quietly makes 20 km^3 new ocean crust per year. Magma varies from 1,320 to 1360 C. From the magma temperature one can accurately predict the ocean crust thickness.
Every 30 million years ago massive amounts (10 milion m^3) This is caused by local mantle temperatures 100-200 C hotter than usual. - model

We do not know why magnetic reversals occur, but there seems a correlation between them and the appearance of mysterious Tektites. Reversals at 2.01 million, 1.87 million and 730,000 years ago reversals and extreme cold. 730,000 meteorite impact.

Young, Davis A. Christianity & the Age of the Earth. Zondervan, 1982.

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