Study of the Sahih Muslim Hadiths
June 2012 version
"…Thus you nullify the word of God for the sake of your tradition. You hypocrites! Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you: These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. They worship me in vain; their teachings are but rules taught by men." (Jesus is speaking in Matthew 15:6-9 NIV)
To Sunni Muslims, the most important and authoritative religious writings after the Qur’an are the six major collections of hadiths, purportedly recording the words and actions of Mohammed. These form the basis for Sharia, or Muslim law, which many want instituted in Islamic countries today. Sahih Muslim is the second most authoritative set (after Bukhari). It is a collection of 7,190 hadiths by Imam Muslim, who died in 875 A.D. Here are some interesting parts.
The Importance of the Hadiths
"This part of the hadith is clearly indicative of the fact that the Hadith is the indispensable key to the correct understanding of the Holy Qur-an, because as the bearer of Revelation, the Holy Prophet was best fitted and, therefore, divinely authorized to interpret and explain the implication of the Holy Qur’an."
Sahih Muslim vol.1 footnote 225 p.72
A Lost Sura of the Qur’an
Abu Harb b. Abu al-Aswad reported on the authority of his father that Abu Musa al-Ash’ari said: "…We used to recite a Sura which resembled in length and severity to (Sura) Bara’at. I have, however, forgotten it with the exception of this which I remember out of it: ‘If there were two valleys full of riches for the son of Adam, he would long for a third valley, and nothing would fill the stomach of the son of Adam but dust.’ And we used to so recite a Sura which resembled one of the suras of Musabbihat, and I have forgotten it, but remember (this much) out of it: ‘O people who believe, why do you say that which you do not practice’ (lxi 2.) and ‘that is recorded in your necks as a witness (against you) and you would be asked about in on the Day of Resurrection’" (xvii. 13). Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 5 ch.391 no.2286 p.500,501.
Note that there was much more than this, but the rest of the Sura was forgotten.
Devotion to Mohammed
Nothing in Sahih Muslim says that Mohammed was to be worshipped, but they had a very high opinion of Mohammed. One spurious hadith even claimed that Mohammed’s bowel movements had a good smell, but Imam Muslim and other collectors rejected this hadith Nevertheless, the following were all hadiths accepted in the Sahih Muslim.
Mohammed’s Special Body: His body gave off a special coolness or fragrance, as of a scent bag of a perfumer, according to Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 28 ch.972 no.5758 p.1247. Also he had fragrant skin in al-Tabari vol.6 p.80. Mohammed was the most handsome person they had seen, according to Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 28 ch.975 no.5770-5772; ch.977 no.5777 p.1249.
Collecting Mohammed’s Hair: When Mohammed got his hair cut, his companions wanted to catch every lock to preserve it. Mohammed generously had it distributed among the people. Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 7 ch.499 no.2991-2994 p.656-657
Harvesting Mohammed’s Sweat: Anas bin Malik reported that his mother, Umm Salaim would take Mohammed’s sweat and put it in a bottle to be used to make a most fragrant perfume. (Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 28 ch.972 no.5761 p.1247. The next hadith, 5762 said that Mohammed asked what she was doing. When she explained, he said, "You have done something right." The next hadith, 5763 said the Umm Salaim would put down a cloth that Mohammed could take a nap on, in order to collect the sweat on the cloth.
Mohammed Had High Self Esteem
"I shall be the leader of mankind on the Day of Resurrection." People would look for someone to intercede for them before Allah. Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus would all decline, all but Jesus said because of their faults. Jesus would suggest they go to Mohammed, and then Mohammed will call out to God. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.83 no.378 p.129-132. See also vol.1 book 1 ch.84 no.381 p.133.
Mohammed said Satan could not impersonate him, so dreams people have of Mohammed are always of Mohammed. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 27 ch.948-949 no.5635-5639 p.1225-1226. See also Bukhari vol.8 book 73 ch.109 no.217 p.139-140 and Shamaa-il Tirmidhi ch.55 no.1-7 (389-395) p.452-455.
But Allah Can Come in a Deceiving Shape
Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.81 no.349 p.115 "…Allah would then come to them in a form other than His own Form, recognizable to them, and would say: I am your Lord. They would say: We take refuge with Allah from thee…." See also Bukhari vol.8 book 76 ch.52 no.577 p.375; Bukhari vol.9 book 93 ch.93 no.532 p.395-396.
Muslims Have High Self Esteem
"Where there is Islam, there is naturally no scope of Satan to penetrate and exercise its influence. It must fly from that place." Sahih Muslim translated by ‘Abdul Hamid Siddiqi vol.1 book 4 p.210 footnote 603.
Moses and Boxing Angels
"Abu Huraira reported that the Angel of Death was sent to Moses (peace be upon him) to inform of his Lord’s summons. When he came, he (Moses) boxed him and his eye was knocked out. He (the Angel of Death) came back to the Lord and said: You sent me to a servant who did not want to die. Allah restored his [the angel’s] eye, …" Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 29 ch.990 no.5851 p.1264. Also Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 28 ch.990 no.5852 p.1265
Moses’ Problem Wearing Clothes
Moses was normal in some ways though. Some would see it as rather silly that Allah took Moses’ clothes so that he had to chase after them. This was to prove to the people that Moses was an ordinary male, without Moses purposely being immodest. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 3 ch.135 no.669 p.193
Lest someone think I am misinterpreting this hadith, here is the quote. "Amongst the traditions narrated from Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) on the authority of Abu Huraira, the one is that Banu Isra'il used to take a bath naked, and they looked at the private parts of one another. Moses (peace be upon him), however, took a bath alone (in privacy); and they said (tauntingly): By Allah, nothing prohibits Moses to take a bath along with us, but sacrotal hernia. He (Moses) once went for a bath and placed his clothes on a stone and the stone moved on with his clothes. Moses ran after it saying: O stone, my clothes, O stone, my clothes, and Banu Isra'il had the chance to see the private parts of Moses, and said: By Allah, Moses does not suffer from any ailment. The stone then stopped, till Moses had been seen by them, and he then took hold of his clothes and struck the stone. Abu Huraira said: By Allah, there are the marks of six or seven strokes made by Moses on the stone."
Sharia Courtesy to Non-Muslims
Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 24 ch.904 no.5389,5390 p.1185 says, "Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not greet the Jews and Christians before they greet you and when you meet any one of them on the roads force him to go to the narrowest part of it."
This might sound rude, so footnote 2559 on the same page explains the reason. "The idea behind it is not to torture them or to put them to unnecessary trouble but to provide them a safe way in the throng of the Muslim travelers. It should, however, be borne in mind that this command does not imply that the Christians and the Jews should be forced to abandon streets and roads and thus walk by the side of the walls of houses or narrow paths. What this implies is that they should walk on the road away from the multitude of the Muslims, lest any harm should come to them."
Abrogated Verses of the Qur’an
"Anas said : Allah the Exalted and Great revealed (a verse) regarding those who were killed at Bi’r Ma’dna, and we recited it, till it was abrogated later on (and the verse was like this): ‘Convey to it our people the tidings that we have met our Lord, and He was pleased with us and we were pleased with Him.’" Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.244 no.1433 p.329-330. The footnote on page 330 says "this was revealed in a particular context and it was substituted by so many other verses having the same meaning but far wider implications:" See also the History of al-Tabari vol.7 p.156.
This is an important hadith because rather than showing verses of the Qur’an are still there but not applicable because they were abrogated, the verse was actually changed. So, if there is a pure Qur’an on a tablet in Heaven (Sura 85:21-22), does it have the original wording or the new wording? If it has the new wording, then the original wording was not a part of the tablet in Heaven. Thus, certain parts of the Qur’an on earth were falsely thought to be part of the tablet of the Qur’an in Heaven.
Some Hadiths were abrogated, according to the titles in Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 3 ch.139 no.682 p.195-197.
Veils and Women in Islam
What Sahih Muslim says about women in Islam is discussed in more detail in What Islam Really Says About Women. Here are a few brief points though.
* Veils are required for all Muslim women Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 7 ch.461 no.2789 p.606-607.
* Veils are not required for slave women Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 8 ch.552 no.3325,3328 p.721-722
* When Mohammed "took" Safiyah, the other Muslims watched if he would have her be veiled to see if she was going to be a regular wife, versus unveiled as either a concubine or a "sex captive". He had her veiled, and made her a regular wife. Bukhari vol.4 book 52 ch.74 no.143 p.92
* Mohammed himself once deliberately struck ‘Aisha "on the chest which caused me [A'isha] pain", according to Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 4 ch.352 no.2127 p.462.
* No birth control (according to the translator) Sahih Muslim vol.1 footnote 208 p.66
* Sex with captive women is fine, by Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 8 ch.560 no.3371-3374 p.732-733
* The bulk of people in Hell are women. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.35 no.143 p.47-48.
* Disrobing captives OK Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 17 ch.717 no.4345 p.953
* A Muslim capturing a non-Muslim woman abrogates the previous marriage of the captive woman (even against her will). Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 8 ch.567 no.3432 p.743
Muslims and War
What Sahih Muslim says about war in Islam is discussed in more detail in Is Islam: Peaceful or Warlike? Here are a few brief points.
"It has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah said I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and they establish prayer, and pay Zakat…" Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.9 no.33 p.17. See also vol.1 book 1 ch.9 no.32 p.17.
* Mohammed attacked an unsuspecting tribe at dawn Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.154 no.745 p.209
* Mohammed wanted to make offensive [military] threats against the Christians of Arabia in Syria and Rome. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 35 ch.1150 no.6670 p.1445
* Ibn Shihab was shunned because he did not go to war. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 35 ch.1150 no.6670 p.1445-1447
* If a Muslim died and they did not fight on the way of Allah (Jihad), then they died the death of a hypocrite. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 19 ch.800 no.4696 p.1057
On the last bullet, the English translation here is not very accurate. The Arabic words walam yaghzou really means "did not raid". The infinitive form is ghaza, meaning "to raid". There is no mention of Allah here. The same hadith is in al-Nasa’i (book al-Jihad no.3110) and Musnad Ahmad (vol.2 no.8510); in English those are translated as hypocrite.
* One-fifth of all war booty goes to the treasury and Mohammed could partake of that. Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 5 ch.151 no.2347,2348 vol.2 footnote 1463 p.519
* Mohammed gave gifts to polytheists of spoils of war to induce (bribe) them to become Muslims. Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 5 ch.396-397 no.2300-2309 p.504-507; vol.2 book 5 ch.398 no.2318 p.510
* Mohammed’s face turned red when someone said gifts to polytheists was not what Allah wanted. Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 5 ch.197 no.2325 p.509
Husain bin ‘Abd al-Rahman was stung by a scorpion, and practiced a charm. He did this based on a hadith. "The charm is of no avail except in the case of the (evil influence) of an eye or the sting of a scorpion." Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.91 no.625 p.141
"…The influence of the evil eye is a fact." Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 24 ch.915 no.5426 p.1192. See also al-Tabari vol.39 p.134
Mohammed gave the Ansar people an incantation to remove the poison of scorpion stings. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 24 ch.920 no.5442-5444,5448 p.1192,1196
Mohammed gave A’isha an incantation to cure the evil eye Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 24 ch.920 no.5445,5447-5450 p.1196
Legalism in Islam
You have to take off your shoes in a specific order. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 22 ch.877 no.5231 p.1154. People should put on the right shoe first and take off the left shoe first. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi ch.19 no.9 (79) p.75
Do not drink while standing, unless it is Zamzam water. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 21 ch.841-844 no.5014-5027 p.1116-1118
Mohammed taught it is healthier and more wholesome to breathe exactly three times (or three gulps) in the course of a drink. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 21 ch.844 no.5029-5031 p.1118
After eating you should not wipe your hand until you have either licked your fingers or given them to someone else to lick. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 21 ch.146 no.5037-5042 p.1119-1120. See also Abu Dawud vol.3 book 20 ch.1455 no.3838 p.1081.
There is much argument over how many prayers and their length. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.213 no.1166-1184 p.284-286
Spit to the left, not the right Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 41 ch.1234 no.7149b p.1546
Loopholes: For teenage boy to be around a woman not in his family, he can drink a mother’s milk and get around restrictions. Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 8 ch.557 no.3424-3427 p.741
"Shuraih b. Hani said: I came to A’isha to ask her about wiping over the socks [for cleaning]. She said: You better ask (‘Ali) son of Abu Talib for he used to travel with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). We asked him and he said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) stipulated (the upper limit) of three days and three nights for a traveler and one day and one night and one night for the resident." Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 3 ch.119 no.537 p.165
Yet Sahih Muslim vol.1 footnote 479 p.162 claims, "Islam does not inflict rigorous rules in anything. In Wudu or ablution, the concession of wiping over the socks has been granted in order to provide relief to the people."
Why so many laws? Sahih Muslim vol.3 footnote 2434 p.1115-1116 explains it for us. "It is sometimes argued as to what use is there for following the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) even in such insignificant matters as eating with the right hand or drinking water while sitting, etc. These people little realize that these minor details of the life of the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) provide the system of laws and rules of conduct which pervade the life of a Muslim from birth to the moment of death and regulate his behaviour throughout his existence in this world. These minor details in fact train the minds of people in a methodical way to live permanently in a state of consciousness, wakefulness and self-control."
The translator is aware of the similarities of the Pharisees, but says later in the same footnote, "…The real objective of the Sunnah is not, as our antagonistic critics presume, the breeding of Pharisees and dry formalists, but of conscious, determined, deep-hearted men of action. Men and women of such a style were the Companions of the Prophet…."
Study of Climate in the Hadiths
"Abu Huraira reported : The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: The Fire made a complaint before the Lord saying: ‘O Lord, some parts of mine have consumed others.’ So it was allowed to take two exhalations, one exhalation in winter and the other exhalation in summer. That is why you find extreme heat (in summer) and extreme cold (in winter). Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.225 no.1290 p.302.
Insults and Lies About Jews and Christians, and General Anti-Semitism
The Jews called ‘Uzair [Ezra], son of Allah. Sura 9:30, Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.81 no.352 p.117, Bukhari vol.9 book 93 ch.24 no.532b p.395; vol.6 book 60 ch.80 no.105 p.86. They worshipped Ezra according Bukhari vol.1 p.xvii and vol.6 book 60 ch.80 no.105 p.86.
"Had not been for banu Isra’il [Israel], food would not become stale, and meal [meat in Arabic] would not have gone bad;…" Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 8 ch.576 no.3472 p.753. So this teaches they can blame the Jews when some food goes bad.
Abu Huraira reported that rats are the metamorphosis of some Jews. The proof is that rats will drink goat milk but not camel’s milk. Mohammed showed he knew the Torah forbade camel meat. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 40 ch.1227 no.7135 p.1541.
Jews and Christians go to hellfire in place of Muslims. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 35 ch.1149 no.6665 p.1444.
"The Christians … asserted that the Holy Ghost has incarnated Himself in the person of Jesus Christ." Sahih Muslim translation vol.1 p.127 footnote 393.
"…The Jews and Christians do not dye (their hair), so oppose them." Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 22 ch.881 no.5245 p.1156
The Jews were ruined at the time when women wore false hair. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 22 ch.888 no.5306-5307 p.1166-1167
"When the skin of anyone amongst the people of Israel was besmeared with urine, he cut that portion with a cutter. Hudhaifa said: I wish that your friend should not inflict such an extreme rigour." Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 2 ch.107 no.523 p.163
"Ibn ‘Imar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: You will fight against Jews and you will kill them until even a stone would say: Come here, Muslim, there is a Jew (hiding himself behind me); kill him. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 39 ch.1205 no.6981, also 6982-6983 p.1510
The Dajjal [anti-Christ] would be followed by 70,000 Jews of Isfahan wearing shawls. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 39 ch.1212 no.7034 p.1525
Hadith scholars devote their lives to believing and propagating these things. Other Muslims, active in Indonesia, Pakistan, and many African countries, devote themselves to persuading and forcing lax Muslims to follow these. When you hear that Muslims want a country to live under "Sharia Law", this means being ruled by the hadiths and Qur’an.
Unfortunately, they are so devoted to these traditions in Islam, they have substituted following these traditions for following God. In Jesus’ time, the Pharisees had also built up a mass of traditions on top of the Bible. Jesus cut through all of that. While Jesus never sinned, Jesus deliberately flouted the Pharisee’s man-made laws on the Sabbath. God is calling all of us to break traditions that are contrary to Him, but God is also calling us to something even more.
God wants out hearts to seek after Him. Leave the false security of living selfishly constrained by rules, and give your life over to God, and His commands will give you delight as you obey them. Here is what you need to do.
Realize there is only One True God, who calls people to Himself. He loves us and commands all not just to believe Him; but also to obey Him. Repent of your sins of practice, the wrong things you did and said, and the rights things you should have done but failed to do. Repent of the sins of thought. Your sins of refusing to believe the truth you had before your eyes, of trusting in what you knew deep down was false. Repent of sins of choice of choosing to continue in your own comfortable version of religious practice (or partial non-practice), instead of drawing near to God who wants to be LORD of our lives.
The Sahih Muslim Hadiths – Part 2
There was a shade upon Mohammed’s heart. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 33 ch.927 no.6522 p.1418 says, "Al-Agharr al-Muzani, … reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said : There is (at times) some sort of shade upon my heart, and I seek forgiveness from Allah a hundred times a day."
When It is Forbidden to Pray to God
The ritual of prayer in Islam is very different from prayer in Christianity. It is forbidden to pray at sunset, and between the (pre-dawn) morning prayer and sunrise, according to Bukhari vol.1 book 10 ch.30 no.558-563 p.323-325. Muslims are not supposed to offer prayers during the time of day when the sun has a yellow hue is in Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.227 no.1301 vol.1 footnote 841 p.304
Prayer is prohibited after the afternoon prayer except when the sun is high. Abu Dawud vol.1 book 2 ch.450 no.1269 p.335. Prohibited times of prayer are mentioned in Abu Dawud vol.1 book 2 ch.450 no.1272-1273 p.336
"The sun rises and with it is a horn of Shaytan [Satan] and when the sun gets higher the horn leaves it. Then when the sun reaches the meridian the horn joins it and when the sun declines the horn leaves it, and when the sun has nearly set joins it again.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade prayer at these times." Muwatta’ Malik15.10.44
Women are to "abandon prayer" during their time of month. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 3 ch.131 no.652 p.188-189, vol.1 book 1 ch.35 no.142 p.48; Bukhari vol.1 book 6 ch.26 no.322 p.194, book 6 ch.30 no.327 p.196; Sunan Nasa’i vol.1 ch.223-224 no.355-361 p.281-284; vol.1 ch.226 no.364-368 p.285-286
Pray, or Have Your House Burned Down
Mohammed said the prayer leader should order the houses burned down of people who missed prayer [without cause]. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.234 no.1369 p.315. The later collection of Nasa’i vol.1 book ch.516 no.851 p.514 said Mohammed thought about giving orders for that.
No Assurance of Salvation
"She (‘Ai’isha) said : Never did I see him (the Holy Prophet) afterwards but seeking refuge from the torment of the grave in prayer." Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.218 no.1214 p.290
Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 40 ch.1216 no.7079 p.1534 tells of two angels who had been appointed to record the deeds of a person. Muslims believe one angel records the good deeds, and the other the bad.
Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 5 ch.371 no.2205 p.484 says, "There is never a day wherein servants (of God) get up at morn, but are not visited by two angels. One of them says : O Allah, give him more who spends (the sake of Allah), and the other says : O Allah, bring destruction to one who withholds."
Mohammed cursed people because of his quick temper Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 30 ch.1075 no.6297 p.1373. "Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) smiled and then said: Umm Sulaim, don’t you know that I have made this term [deal] with my Lord. And the term with my Lord is that I said to Him: I am a human being and I am pleased just as a human being is displeased and I lose temper just as a human being loses temper, so for any person from amongst my Umma whom I curse and he in no way deserves it, let that, O Lord, be made a source of purification and purify and nearness to (Allah) on the Day of Resurrection.
Mohammed also cursed Mu’awiya, the future caliph, because he would not stop eating and come when Mohammed sent for him. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 30 ch.1075 no.6298 p.1373.
99 Names of God
The 99 names Muslims have for God are mentioned in Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 33 ch.1117 no.6475-6478 p.1409-1410. A footnote gives these names, and most of them Christians would agree with: Creator, Originator, Beneficient, Bestower, Bestower/Giver, Forgiver, Forgiving, Great Forgiver, Loving, Preserver, Protector, Sustainer, the Alive, etc. Some, such as the Compeller, Distresser, Elevator, Honorer, Pleaser, Reproducer, Retarder are rather unusual. Among all these 99 names are left out some names of God in the Bible: Father, the Lord our Healer, our Rock, our Fortress.
In contrast, Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 37 ch.1161 no.6731-6732 p.1468 says it is "most irksome" that a child is attributed to Allah. Most Muslims do not know that Old Testament scriptures mentioning God as Father were found from before the time of Christ among the Dead Sea scrolls. Sura 5:46 says the Jesus "confirmed" the Torah that had come before.
Jesus is the/a Word
"…that Mohammed is His [Allah’s] servant and His messenger, that Christ is His [Allah’s] servant and the son of His slave-girl and he (Christ) is His word which He communicated to Mary and is His spirit,…"
"Jesus has been called a ‘word’ which Allah communicated to Mary, signifying the fact that he was brought into existence by the Command of Allah, without the ordinary instrumentality of a father (Baidawi [a famous Muslim commentator]). If the whole universe could be brought into being by a single word of Allah and Adam could be created without the instrumentality of both father and mother, it is quite conceivable that a command of Allah can easily bring into being a man without the instrumentality of father."
(Sahih Muslim vol.1 footnote 67 p.21-22)
(Sahih Muslim vol.1 footnote p.127) also says Jesus is called "His word" in Heaven. The footnote says it means "Order of God" (i.e. directly created by God, and not logos or transmitted into flesh.)
Only Believers Enter Paradise
"…Verily none but the believers would enter Paradise." (Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.49 no.209 p.65)
Bukhari vol.5 book 59 ch.37 no.515 p.364: "Narrated Abu Huraira : … The Prophet said, "O so-and-so! Get up and make an announcement that none but a believer will enter Paradise…"
Can Islam Send Someone to Hell?
Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.71 no.284 p.91 says that Christians and Jews who hear of Mohammed and do not become Muslims go to Hell
"…Then the Jews would be summoned, and it would be said to them: what did you worship? They will say: We worshipped ‘Uzair [Ezekiel], son of Allah. It would be said to them: You tell a lie; Allah had never a spouse of a son. What do you want now? They would say: We feel thirsty, O our Lord! Quench our thirst. They would be directed (to a certain direction) and asked: Why don’t you go there to drink water? Then they would be pushed towards the Fire (and they would find to their great dismay that) it was but a mirage (and the raging flames of fire) would be consuming one another, and they would fall into the Fire. Then the Christians would be summoned and it would be said to them: What did you worship? They would say: We worshipped Jesus, son of Allah. It would be said to them: you tell a lie; Allah did not take for himself either a spouse or a son. Then it would be said to them: What do you want? They would say: Thirsty we are, O our Lord! Quench our thirst. They would be directed (to a certain direction) and asked: Why don’t you go there to get water? But they would be pushed and gathered together towards the Hell, which was like a mirage to them, and the flames would consume one another. They would fall into the Fire, till no one is left except he who worshipped Allah, be he pious or sinful…." (Then Allah appears to both faithful and hypocritical Muslims in a deceiving shape to expose the hypocrites. Then Allah appears to them in his true form [whatever that is]. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.81 no.352 p.117.
Muslims who commit Suicide go to Hell
"…He who killed himself with a thing would be tormented on the Day of Resurrection with that very thing…." Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.48 no.199,201,202 p.62.
Bukhari vol.5 book 59 ch.37 no.515 p.364 and vol.5 book 59 ch.37 ch.37 no.518 p.367 tell of a Muslim warrior who was wounded seriously, so he took some arrows out of his quiver and killed himself and went to Hell.
"…When we were in the thick of battle that man fought desperately and was wounded. It was said: Messenger of Allah, the person whom you at first called as a denizen of the Fire (Hell) fought desperately and died. Upon this the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) remarked: He was doomed to the Fire (of Hell). Some men were on the verge of doubt (about his fate) when it was said that he was not dead but fatally wounded. When it was night he could not stand the (pain of his) wound and killed himself." Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.48 no.205 p.63
On the other hand, Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.&&& no.211 p.66 tells of a Muslim man came to Medina, fell sick, and cut his finger joints. Blood streamed until he died. Afterwards, Tufail son of ‘Amr saw him in a dream, and he was forgiven by Allah, and his hands were wrapped.
Mohammed did not bother offering prayers for a person who had killed himself. Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 4 ch.354 no.2133 p.464
What is Hell Like?
"Nu’man b. Bashir was delivering an address and saying: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) say : The least suffering for the inhabitants of Hell on the Day of Resurrection would be for the man under whose soles would be places two embers and his brain would boil on account of them." (Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 1 ch.88 no.414 p.139)
Muslim Predestined Fatalism
"…the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) came one night to see him (‘Ali) and Fatimah (the daughter of the Holy Prophet) and said: Don’t you observe (Tahajjud) prayer? I (‘Ali) said: Messenger of Allah, verily our souls are in the hands of Allah and when He wants to awaken us, He awakens us. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) went back when I said this to him He was striking his hand on his thigh while returning, and I heard him say : Verily the man disputes with many things." Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.270 no.1701 p.375. (Mohammed did not approve of this, but apparently had nothing else to say.)
Also, Allah foreordained sexual sin in Bukhari vol.8 book 77 ch.8 ch.8 no.609 p.397-398.
The pens have dried and the destinies have begun to operate. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 31 ch.1002 no.6402 and footnote 2892 p.1394.
* You can put out someone’s eye if they cast a glance in your house without your permission. Sahih Muslim vol.3 book 23 ch.899 no.5370-5371 p.1180
* A hypocrite’s intestines will pour forth in Hell. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 40 ch.1224 no.7122 p.1539
* The devil enters when you yawn. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 40 ch.1226 no.7130 p.1540
* Do not go to the mosque after eating garlic, onion, etc., because angels are harmed by the same things as people. Sahih Muslim vol.1 book 4 ch.211 no.1147 p.280
* Miracles of end times when the earth vomits out long pieces of silver. Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 5 ch.371 no.2210 p.485
* Splitting the moon during the lifetime of the prophet. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 37 ch.1170-1162 no.6721,6724-6730 p.1467-1468.This is also in Bukhari vol.4 ch.26 and ch.26 no.830 p.533; Bukhari vol.4 book 56 ch.26 no.831 p.533; vol.4 book 56 ch.26 no.832 p.534.
* All struck by Satan except Jesus. Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 31 ch.1107 no.6429 p.1399
Preserved Reliability of the Hadiths
Sahih Muslim starts off most of the Hadiths with "… reported/said" or similar. Many times very similar sayings are repeated one after another, with only slightly different wording, with different people reporting. The interesting thing is that Sahih Muslim vol.4 book 28 no.5777 p.1250 says that the very last of the companions of Mohammed died 100 Hegira. That would be around 720 A.D.. Now Imam Muslim, the collector of the hadiths died 875 A.D., or 150 years later. In some cases some of the people who related some of the sayings died only a few years after Mohammed. So in many cases you have sayings from an impeccable source, such as a wife of Mohammed, followed by 150 to almost 250 years of no train of transmission. Imam Muslim might have known the "chain of transmission" of some of these sayings, but he did not say what it was. Thus when we read that Abu Hureira or ‘Aisha said something that was quoted, do not be misled that Imam Muslim heard this directly.
Conclusion: Since the compiler of Sahih Muslim, Imam Muslim died in 875 A.D. (and Bukhari in 870 A.D.) Muslims have around 125 to 250 "years of faith" that the Hadiths were collected accurately.
This contrasts with the manuscript reliability of the New Testament. Jesus died 33 A.D., and the New Testament was written 50 to 90 A.D., so there is 17 to 40 "years of faith" in the memories of the gospel writers. In addition, the earliest preserved manuscripts of the New Testament are from 100 to about 175 A.D., so there are roughly 35 to 125 "years of faith" that we have reliably preserved what they wrote.
Conclusion of Part 2Now that we know that the compiler of the hadiths, Imam Muslim, died in 875 A.D. 261 A.H. (Bukhari 870 A.D. 256 A.H.) Muslims have built their faith on hadiths they believe have been compiled correctly and accurately over 125-150 years. In contrast, Christians base their faith on the books of the New Testament that have been written between the years 50-90 A.D., that is 17-60 years after the death of Christ, which occurred 33 A.D. In addition to that, the oldest preserved papyri of the New Testament are between 100-175 A.D.. That is, there were 77 to 142 years of preserved faith until it was written later.
In other words, from the time Christ died, until the time of the oldest surviving text of the New Testament were 77 to 142 years, where our faith was carried on verbally through Jesus’ apostles and their followers. These years are far less than the years Muslims have based their faith in the Sunnah.
A Message of Truth
Maybe you do not believe many of the quotes in this paper are really teaching from the true God; neither do I. Yet it is truly amazing that over a billion people, for over 1,000 years, have used Sahih Muslim as one of the highest authorities for their religion and law.
I ask you not to stop in your search for the true God, but do not limit your search to what people said.
Do not give up searching for the teaching of the true God; rather expand your search beyond what people have said you have to believe. You know, I will even say that Islam says a few things correctly. It correctly says that Jesus was a prophet of God. However, if the hadiths and Muslims tradition have failed as a spiritual light, why not take a look to the words of Jesus?
On-line partial translation of Sahih Muslim http://cwis.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/muslim/
The Holy Qur-an : English translation of the meanings and Commentary. Translated by ‘Abdullah Yusuf ‘Ali. Revised and edited by The Presidency of Islamic Researches, IFTA, Call and Guidance. King Fahd Holy Qur-an Printing Complex. (no date)
Sahih Muslim by Imam Muslim. Rendered into English by ‘Abdul Hamid Siddiqi. International Islamic Publishing House. (no date)<
The NIV Study Bible : New International Version Zondervan Bible Publishers. 1985.
For more information please visit www.MuslimHope.com.